25+ Different Types Of Cheese

Let’s discuss on what cheese is all about and different types of cheese and their uses.

Read from our previous article where we discussed about some important cheese flavors that you should try once in your life.

What’s A Cheese?

Cheese is a dairy product produced in wide ranges of flavors, textures and forms by coagulation of the milk protein casein.

It comprises proteins and fat from milk, usually the milk of cows, buffalo, goats, or sheep.

During production, the milk is usually acidified and the enzymes of either rennet or bacterial enzymes with similar activity are added to cause the casein to coagulate.

The solid curds are then separated from the liquid whey and pressed into finished cheese.

20+ Different Types Of Cheese And Their Names.

• Cheddar Cheese

Cheddar cheese (or simply cheddar) is a natural cheese that is relatively hard, off-white (or orange if colourings such as annatto are added), and sometimes sharp-tasting.

Types Of Cheese

Cheddar originates from the English village of Cheddar in Somerset.

Cheddar types of cheese is produced all over the world, although cheddar cheese has no protected designation of origin either in the United Kingdom or the European Union.

Cheddar is the most popular cheese in the UK, accounting for 51% of the country’s £1.9 billion annual cheese market.

It is the second-most popular cheese in the US behind mozzarella, with an average annual consumption of 10 lb (4.5 kg) per capita.

Cheddar cheese is often served in sandwiches with luncheon meat, in open or closed-faced grilled cheese sandwiches, as an appetizer or snack with meats, fruit and breads, as a dessert cheese with pie, or as an ingredient in a variety of cooked dishes and baked goods.

• Mozzarella Cheese

Types Of Cheese

Mozzarella Cheese

Mozzarella is a southern Italian types of cheese traditionally made from Italian buffalo’s milk by the pasta filata method.

Fresh mozzarella is generally white but when seasoned it turns to a light yellow depending on the animal’s diet.

Due to its high moisture content, it is traditionally served the day after it is made but can be kept in brine for up to a week or longer when sold in vacuum-sealed packages.

Low-moisture mozzarella can be kept refrigerated for up to a month, though some shredded low-moisture mozzarella is sold with a shelf life of up to six months.

Mozzarella is used for most types of pizza and several pasta dishes or served with sliced tomatoes and basil in Caprese salad.

• Parmesan Cheese

Types Of Cheese
Parmesan Cheese

Parmesan is a straw-coloured hard cheese with a natural yellow rind and rich, fruity flavour that is made from cow’s milk.

• Gouda Cheese

Types Of Cheese
Gouda Cheese

Gouda is a sweet, creamy, yellow cow’s milk cheese originating from the Netherlands.

It is one of the most popular cheeses worldwide. The name is used today as a general term for numerous similar cheeses produced in the traditional Dutch manner.

Gouda has a smooth-textured interior of pale ivory colour. Flavours are bland and creamy, except for aged Gouda, which is darker gold in colour, stronger and saltier in flavour, and harder in texture.

• Feta Cheese

Types Of Cheese
Feta Cheese

Feta is a Greek brined white cheese made from sheep’s milk or from a mixture of sheep and goat’s milk.

It is soft, with small or no holes, a compact touch, few cuts, and no skin.

Crumbly with a slightly grainy texture, it is formed into large blocks and aged in brine.

Its flavor is tangy and salty, ranging from mild to sharp. Feta is used as a table cheese, in salads such as Greek salad, and in pastries, notably the phyllo-based Greek dishes spanakopita ‘spinach pie’ and tyropita ‘cheese pie’.

It is often served with olive oil or olives, and sprinkled with aromatic herbs such as oregano.

It can also be served cooked (often grilled), as part of a sandwich, in omelettes, and many other dishes.

• Blue Cheese

Types Of Cheese
Blue Cheese

Blue cheese is semi-soft cheese with a sharp, salty flavor. It is made with cultures of the edible mold Penicillium, giving it spots or veins throughout the cheese in shades of blue or green.

It’s types of cheese carries a distinct smell, either from the mold or from various specially cultivated bacteria such as Brevibacterium linens, which also causes foot odor and other human body odors.

• Brie Cheese

Brie is a soft cow’s-milk cheese named after Brie, the French region from which it originated (roughly corresponding to the modern département of Seine-et-Marne).

Types Of Cheese
Brie Cheese

It is pale in color with a slight grayish tinge under a rind of white mould. The rind is typically eaten, with its flavor depending largely upon the ingredients used and its manufacturing environment.

• Ricotta Cheese

Ricotta is an Italian whey cheese made from sheep, cow, goat, or Italian water buffalo milk whey left over from the production of other cheeses.

Types Of Cheese
Ricotta Cheese

Like other whey cheeses, it is made by coagulating the proteins that remain after the casein has been used to make cheese, notably albumin and globulin.

• Goat Cheese

Types Of Cheese
Goat Cheese

Goat cheese, or chèvre, is a type of cheese made from goat’s milk. Goats were among the first animals to be domesticated for producing food.

Goat cheese is made around the world with a variety of recipes, giving many different styles of cheese, from fresh and soft to aged and hard cheese.

• Camembert Cheese

Camembert is a moist, soft, creamy, surface-ripened cow’s milk cheese.

Types Of Cheese
Camembert Cheese

It was first made in the late 18th century in Camembert, Normandy, in northwest France.

It is a type of cheese sometimes compared in look and taste to brie cheese, albeit with a slightly lower butterfat content than brie’s typical 60% and 75% by weight.

• Gruyère Cheese

Gruyère is classified as a Swiss-type or Alpine cheese, and is sweet but slightly salty, with a flavor that varies widely with age.

Types Of Cheese
Gruyère Cheese

It is often described as a type of cheese which is creamy and nutty when young, becoming more assertive, earthy, and complex as it matures.

When fully aged (five months to a year), it tends to have small cracks that impart a slightly grainy texture.

• Cream Cheese

Types Of Cheese
Cream Cheese

Cream cheese is a soft, usually mild-tasting fresh cheese made from milk and cream.

Stabilizers such as carob bean gum and carrageenan are often added in industrial production.

Cream cheese is not naturally matured and is meant to be consumed fresh, so it differs from other types of soft cheeses such as brie and Neufchâtel.

It is more comparable in taste, texture, and production methods to Boursin and mascarpone.

• Emmental Cheese

Types Of Cheese
Emmental Cheese

Emmental, Emmentaler, or Emmenthal is a yellow, medium-hard cheese that originated in the area around Emmental, in the canton of Bern in Switzerland. It is classified as a Swiss-type or Alpine cheese.

• Cottage Cheese

Types Of Cheese
Cottage Cheese

Cottage cheese is a type of cheese curd product (also known as paneer) with a mild flavor and a creamy, non-homogenous, soupy texture.

It is also known as curds and whey. It is made from cow’s milk by draining the cheese, as opposed to pressing it to make cheese curd—retaining some of the whey and keeping the curds loose.

An important step in the manufacturing process distinguishing cottage cheese from other fresh cheeses is the adding of a “dressing” to the curd grains, usually cream, which is largely responsible for the taste of the product. Cottage cheese is not aged.

• Mascarpone Cheese

Types Of Cheese
Mascarpone Cheese

Mascarpone is a soft Italian acid-set cream cheese. It is recognized in Italy as a prodotto agroalimentare tradizionale.

Outside Italy, mascarpone is sometimes mispronounced “marscapone”, even by food professionals.

• Gorgonzola Cheese

Gorgonzola is a veined blue cheese, originally from Italy, made from unskimmed cow’s milk.

Types Of Cheese
Gorgonzola Cheese

It can be buttery or firm, crumbly and quite salty, with a “bite” from its blue veining.

• Swiss Cheese

Swiss cheese is any variety types of cheese that resembles Emmental cheese, a yellow, medium-hard cheese that originated in the area around Emmental, Switzerland.

Types Of Cheese
Swiss Cheese

It is classified as a Swiss-type or Alpine cheese. Some types of Swiss cheese have a distinctive appearance, as the blocks or rounds of the cheese are riddled with holes known as “eyes”.

• Provolone Cheese

Provolone, like mozzarella, is a plastic curd cheese; the curd is mixed with heated whey and kneaded to a smooth, semisoft consistency, often molded into fanciful shapes such as pigs, fruits, or sausages.

Types Of Cheese
Provolone Cheese

The brown, oily rind of provolone is wrapped in cords, which impress grooves in the rind, and hung to ripen.

• Roquefort Cheese

Types Of Cheese
Roquefort Cheese

Roquefort is a sheep milk types of cheese from Southern France, and is one of the world’s best known blue cheeses.

Though similar cheeses are produced elsewhere, EU law dictates that only those cheeses aged in the natural Combalou caves of Roquefort-sur-Soulzon may bear the name Roquefort, as it is a recognised geographical indication, or has a protected designation of origin.

• Havarti Cheese

Havarti or cream havarti is a semisoft Danish cow’s milk cheese. It can be sliced, grilled, or melted.

Types Of Cheese
Havarti Cheese

Being a semi-hard cheese, it has a springy texture with subtle sweet and acidic notes.

• Manchego Cheese

Manchego is a type of cheese made in the La Mancha region of Spain from the milk of sheep of the Manchega breed.

Types Of Cheese
Manchego Cheese

It is aged between 60 days and 2 years. Manchego has a firm and compact consistency and a buttery texture, often containing small, unevenly distributed air pockets.

• Monterey Jack Cheese

Types Of Cheese
Monterey Jack Cheese

Monterey Jack, sometimes shortened to Jack, is a Californian white, semi-hard cheese made using cow’s milk. It is noted for its mild flavor and slight sweetness.

• Stilton Cheese

Stilton is an English cheese, produced in two varieties: Blue, which has Penicillium roqueforti added to generate a characteristic smell and taste, and White, which does not.

Types Of Cheese

Both have been granted the status of a protected designation of origin (PDO) by the European Commission, requiring that only such cheese produced in the three counties of Derbyshire, Leicestershire and Nottinghamshire may be called Stilton.

The cheese takes its name from the village of Stilton, now in Cambridgeshire, where it has long been sold.

• Taleggio Cheese

Taleggio is a semisoft, washed-rind, smear-ripened Italian cheese that is named after Val Taleggio.

Types Of Cheese
Taleggio Cheese

The cheese has a thin crust and a strong aroma, but its flavour is comparatively mild with an unusual fruity tang.

What Cheese Is The Most Popular Cheese?

Cheddar is the most popular cheese type in the world and the second-most popular cheese in the U.S.

One of the reasons for its historic popularity is that it was the first ever factory-produced cheese, with the first factory founded in Rome, N.Y. in 1851 by Jesse Williams.

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