Basalt is a popular rock names and an aphanitic extrusive igneous rock formed from the rapid cooling of low-viscosity lava rich in magnesium and iron (mafic lava) exposed at or very near the surface of a rocky planet or moon.
• Andesite Rock
Andesite is another popular rock name and a volcanic rock of intermediate composition. In a general sense, it is the intermediate type between silica-poor basalt and silica-rich rhyolite.
• Quartzite Rock
Quartzite is a hard, non-foliated metamorphic rock which was originally pure quartz sandstone.
Quartzite is a rock name, the sandstone is converted into quartzite through heating and pressure usually related to tectonic compression within orogenic belts.
• Marble Rock
Marble is a metamorphic rock name composed of recrystallized carbonate minerals, most commonly calcite or dolomite.
• Sandstone Rock
Sandstone is one in a popular rock names and a clastic sedimentary rock composed mainly of sand-sized silicate grains.
• Gneiss Rock
Gneiss is a high grade metamorphic rock, meaning that it has been subjected to higher temperatures and pressures than schist.
• Metamorphic Rock
Metamorphic rocks arise from the transformation of existing rock names to new types of rock, in a process called metamorphism.
• Shale Rock
Shale is a fine-grained, clastic sedimentary rock formed from mud that is a mix of flakes of clay minerals and tiny fragments of other minerals, especially quartz and calcite.
• Amphibolite Rock
Amphibolite is a metamorphic rock name that contains amphibole, especially hornblende and actinolite, as well as plagioclase feldspar.
• Conglomerate Rock
Conglomerate is a common clastic sedimentary rock names that is composed of a substantial fraction of rounded to subangular gravel-size clasts.
• Obsidian Rock
Another rock name is called Obsidian, which is a naturally occurring volcanic glass formed when lava extruded from a volcano cools rapidly with minimal crystal growth.
• Schist Rock
Schist is a medium-grained metamorphic rock name showing pronounced schistosity.
• Phyllite Rock
Phyllite is a common rock names and type of foliated metamorphic rock created from slate that is further metamorphosed so that very fine grained white mica achieves a preferred orientation.
• Rhyolite Rock
Rhyolite is an extrusive igneous rock name, formed from magma rich in silica that is extruded from a volcanic vent to cool quickly on the surface rather than slowly in the subsurface.
• Arkose Rock
Arkose or arkosic sandstone is a detrital sedimentary rock, specifically a type of sandstone containing at least 25% feldspar.
• Volcanic Rock
Volcanic rock (often shortened to volcanics in scientific contexts) is a rock formed from lava erupted from a volcano.
Above are some of the popular and common rock names and also feel free to tell us what you think in the comments section about them.
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